Advice for breeders

Choosing to breed Beagles should not be a spur-of-the-moment decision. There are important factors to keep in mind to ensure that you know your responsibility in strengthening the Beagle bloodline and keeping it pure.

  1. TimeAs soon as puppies are born, it will demand much of your time and effort. For the first few days, you have to keep watch over them around the clock. Once they grow older, you have to spend time with them for proper socialization. If you feel you don’t have time to give to your Beagles, banish your thoughts of breeding them.
  2. FinancesIn order to breed an outstanding purebred Beagle line, you will need to invest a considerable amount of money. If you have female Beagles, you will need to pay for stud services and other related expenses. You should also take into consideration veterinarian bills including medications, vaccines, boosters, worming, etc., high quality brand of dog and puppy food, grooming supplies, feeding bottles, food and drinking bowls, crates, baby gates, blankets and more. You will also have to be prepared for cases of emergency C-section and intensive care for sick puppies.
  3. Breed QualityEven if your Beagle is registered with AKC/UKC or any other registry or organization, this is not a guarantee that it will make a good dam or sire. There are many dogs that possess undesirable traits, health problems and structural defects that should never be carried on to their offspring. The ultimate goal of breeding is improvement of the breed—to produce puppies which are better than the parents.
  4. SalabilityIf you are a first-time Beagle breeder, you may encounter difficulties in disposing off the puppies because you don’t have the reputation and referrals that will guarantee the availability of potential buyers. You should be prepared to care for the puppies until such time that they will be sold and that will surely entail time and expense.
  5. Emotional setbacksLosing puppies can be heart-wrenching and even the best dog breeders are not immune to the situation. You have to learn to let go and say goodbye to your puppies as they leave for their new homes.
  6. Humane responsibilityDo you know that nearly a quarter of the unwanted dogs in the country are purebred and possess registration papers? As a breeder, it is your responsibility to see to it that your puppies go to the right homes where they will be showered with love and care. It is your job to carefully screen prospective puppy buyers. Will you turn a blind eye and a deaf ear to your puppy that is chained in a junkyard or kept in a cramped dirty cage or destroyed in the dog pound because their owners just realized that they are unable to care for their pet?
  7. Dog LawsTo be a responsible dog owner and breeder, you have to be acquainted with the laws that govern and protect your rights and responsibilities including your dog. You should be familiar with the provisions of the Animal Welfare Act 2006, the Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005, Breeding and Sales of Dogs (Welfare) Act 1999, the Control of Dogs Order 1992, Dangerous Dogs Act 1997, and the Road Traffic Act 1988, Animals Act 1971.

These are the following areas that you must adhere to during routine and/or unscheduled inspections:

Record Keeping

  1. identifying marks (tattoo/microchip, kennel club registration)
  2. disease and infection control
  3. matings
  4. whelpings
  5. oestrus
  6. numbers of puppies
  7. sales records

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Housekeeping including:

  1. accommodation
  2. construction
  3. cleanliness and disinfection
  4. bedding
  5. exercise areas
  6. kitchen facilities
  7. first aid provision – human and animal
  8. food and water – storage and provision
  9. isolation facilities
  10. staff training and facilities
  11. emergency procedures and fire prevention

Preparing the Bitch

Before breeding, important steps should be taken to ensure that a bitch is the perfect candidate for breeding. Once the bitch has been approved as an ideal candidate, you will then have to take steps to make sure that there are no problems in the breeding process. A responsible breeder knows that a dog is ready for first mating when she is at least two years old. Although, your dog may exhibit signs of heat earlier, waiting until it is two years of age will guarantee that the dog is ready physically, mentally, and socially. This is very important to ensure that the bitch is ready for mating, conception, delivery, and nurture of her litter.

To prepare a dog for breeding purposes, she must receive good nutrition and a regular exercise routine for excellent physical condition. You should seek the advice of your veterinarian concerning what type of dog food is best for your pet as well as vitamins and supplements. Your veterinarian will also be a good source of information regarding vaccinations, booster shots, and worming schedules. The bitch will also have to undergo specific health checks to ensure that they are free from genetic disorders.

Choosing a Stud Dog

When you choose to be a dog breeder, you should select the best stud for your litter. In order to exhaust all avenues of information, it is important to learn as much as you can from reading and also by talking with experts including veterinarians and dog breeders. Some of the factors that you have to take into consideration when choosing a stud will include the following:

  • Pedigree
  • Temperament
  • Health test results including hip scores, eye certificates, elbow scores, DNA test results
  • His body conformation in relation to your bitch
  • Genetic makeup that will include both his genotype and phenotype
  • Records of awards in competitions
  • His offspring
  • Stud fee and/or other conditions concerning the use of the stud

Paperwork Required

Keep a record of the following important information for each bitch and litter that you produce:

Heat Record

  1. Name of bitch
  2. Litter Number (way to differentiate between litters at your kennel)
  3. Date of onset
  4. Interval
  5. Smear date and results
  6. Progesterone Test date and results
  7. Breeding dates and comments on breeding
  8. Palpitation dates and results
  9. Ultrasound date and results
  10. X-ray date and results
  11. Notes on pregnancy
  12. Track weight gain weekly
  13. Track temperature from day 58-65, 3 times daily
  14. Date and time whelping began
  15. Date and time whelping ended
  16. Notes on whelping

Litter Record

  1. Breed
  2. Registered name and KC number of dam
  3. Registered name and KC number of sire
  4. Sire’s owner’s name
  5. Date mated
  6. Date litter whelped
  7. Number of male puppies born
  8. Number of female puppies born
  9. KC Litter Number
  10. Sex, Colour/Markings, Puppy ID number, Date Sold, Date Died, Name and address of person to whom sold, Dates when following paperwork was supplied: registration application or certificate and bill of sale; name and KC number of puppy.

Additional Litter Information

  1. Time each puppy was born
  2. Ribbon colour or other identifying mark
  3. Colour of puppy
  4. Sex
  5. Weight at birth
  6. Length at birth
  7. A description of any problems
  8. Whelping date
  9. Sire and Dam
  10. Time whelping started and ended
  11. Notes on whelping

Puppy Record

  1. Ribbon colour
  2. Call Name
  3. Registered Name
  4. Sex
  5. Colour
  6. KC Litter No.
  7. KC Registration No.
  8. Date of Birth
  9. Sire and Dam
  10. Weight at Birth and when sold
  11. Vaccinations Given (Date and Type)
  12. Owner (include address and telephone numbers)
  13. Date sold
  14. Conditions of sale
  15. Price
  16. Notes on Development and Temperament
  17. On the back of this form, track the weight of the puppies daily until they are three weeks old and then weekly thereafter.

Litter Registration Application

Its very important to register you new litter with KC (The Kennel Club), this application should be completed as soon as the puppies are whelped so you can deliver the correct paperwork to the puppy buyers.

Puppy Registration Forms

Once your litter has been registered you will receive a registration form so the puppy buyers can register their puppies with the KC.

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